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The origin of rice farming culture of Hani nationality

Number of visits: Date:2012-12-11 16:58

  Hani, a mountainous rice-farming nation with a long history and splendid culture, is located in the vast subtropical mountainous areas of southern Yunnan and southwestern Yunnan.

  However, according to Chinese history and literature records, Hani ancestors of rice farming culture, is the process of its southern migration gradually formed. Qin and Han Dynasties to the Northern and Southern Dynasties, the Hani ancestors gradually formed an independent (single) ethnic groups, moved to Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan and the transfer of the Anning River, along the Jinsha River and Wumengshan until Xi'er River, Dianchi coast. During this period, Hani ancestors have cultivated fields of rice history. "Book of Yu Gong" in the records, Hani ancestors "and barbarians" live along the Dadu River, "its soil Qing Li, the Tian Wei from top to bottom, the Fu in the next three wrong." "Shan Hai Jing by the sea," said, "Southwest Blackwater, there are wide wild, after the burial Yan Yan ... ... Yuan has cream beans, cream rice, cream millet, cream millet, 100 Valley self, ). Blackwater is the southwest of Sichuan Province, the Yalong River and the Jinsha River, and originated in the south bank of the Dadu to Hani ancestors "Ani" named Anning River (A Nihe), and eventually with the Yalong River into the Sands Jiang. Southwest Blackwater between the "wide wild", when referring to the vast area between the Dadu River and the Jinsha River. Moved to this Hani ancestors, this time has begun to cultivate rice. But because of the sparsely populated, simple production tools, its farming activities are still relatively backward, it is also engaged in animal husbandry and hunting activities. Until the Sui and Tang Dynasties, Hani ancestors moved into southern Yunnan subtropical mountain, farming rice production was developed to a very high level.

  According to the study of several disciplines, such as Ethnology, Sociology, Ethnobotany and other disciplines, after several decades of field research and study, from the south of the Himalayas to the east by Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos , The northern part of Vietnam, the south of China's Yunnan Province and the south bank of the Yangtze River to the western part of Japan. The area is called the "Zhaoye forest belt", which is the evergreen broad-leaved forest dominated by Cyclobalanopsis glauca. . The most basic cultural features of the "mountain forest and forest", which is different from other geographical zones, are the cultivation of miscellaneous grains (including upland rice) and potato. (Slash and burn) farming and rice farming, so this broad geographical zone of homogeneous culture known as "according to leaf forest culture." Japanese scholars believe that from the north-east of Southeast Asia to Yunnan, southern China, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan this area, constitute a "half-moon rice and cultural circle."

  Hani inhabited by Wuliang Mountain in Yunnan, Ailao Mountain in the south of Honghe River and Xishuangbanna in the vast mountainous area, is in East Asia as the leaf forest cultural zone and the east-west half-moon rice cultural center of the circle. Thus Hani ancestors moved into southern Yunnan subtropical mountain areas, rice farming skills continue to develop, the original extensive slash and burn cultivation methods gradually changed to limited dryland rotation work. At the same time, due to open terraces to be successful, only long settled down. This process of development is a major turning point in the development of Hani society and history. Since then, the southern subtropical mountainous area of ​​Yunnan has become a special activity space for the Hani people to seek survival and development. The rice farming culture of the rice fields has become nearly 10 Century, the whole social and cultural axis, all the material civilization and spiritual and cultural patterns, including blood, geographical relations intertwined with the emergence of village society, the distribution of terraced villages and balanced construction, man and nature coexist, the new religion And the emergence of new production and lifestyle and the formation of folk customs and so on, are the source for the rice paddy farming culture mother. In other words, the Hani ancestors completed the transition from nomadic to the southern rice farming economy, and formed a terraced field on the basis of adapting to the sub-tropic ecological environment in southern Yunnan and actively absorbing the rice farming culture of the indigenous inhabitants Rice farming culture system. Source: China Red River network

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